His defense lawyer Michael Pentecost submitted a proposed jury instruction with the courtroom asking that a judge inform the jury about self-protection in accordance with the new stand your floor regulation.
The new regulation eradicated the obligation to retreat as earlier demanded just before employing self-defense.
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The protection said in the courtroom document that Santana will assert at trial that he acted in self-protection.
Prosecutors responded to the defense’s request in their very own courtroom document, indicating the new legislation is not retroactive. They stated that the legislature did not intend for the law to be used to scenarios ahead of April 6, 2021, when the new regulation took result, and retroactively making use of the legislation would go from the Ohio Constitution. They also cited courts in other states that underwent related variations and said they uncovered stand your ground legal guidelines are not retroactive.
Montgomery County Judge Timothy O’Connell denied the protection ask for this 7 days.
“The courtroom finds the Stand Your Floor regulation does not implement to this situation,” the decide claimed in his ruling. “This situation revolves all over an incident that occurred in August of 2019. The courtroom will not utilize the Stand Your Ground law retroactively.”
University of Dayton Law Professor Thomas Hagel claimed the final decision can enjoy a important function for the duration of the trial, but the protection would continue to have experienced to set on some evidence that Santana was acting in self-defense to use it.
“If he wasn’t performing in self-protection, then certainly the stand your ground law is irrelevant,” he claimed.
“To use deadly force, he has to set on some proof that he was threatened with serious bodily damage or dying when he acted.”
Hagel explained the normal rule is that new rules passed are prospective, meaning until the legislature will make it very clear they want it to be retroactive — it is not.
If the situation goes to demo subsequent month, it will come about immediately after a quantity of continuances issued because of the coronavirus pandemic. The defense said that Santana is 65-several years-outdated, has health fears and should not have to hazard his possess safety for a demo when he was presently in jail.
Santana was indicted in November 2019. The circumstance was initially set for trial in June 2020 and then once more in September 2020. The circumstance was once again set to go to demo in January but was ongoing after the protection cited COVID-19 as the rationale why the demo should not choose put.