U.S. defended Amazon following posting showed corporation bypassed Indian regulation

A worker types supply packages in a van outdoors an Amazon facility in Ahmedabad, India,

A worker types supply packages in a van outdoors an Amazon facility in Ahmedabad, India, March 17, 2021. REUTERS/Amit Dave

U.S. officers rushed to protect Amazon’s business enterprise techniques in India soon after Reuters reported in February that the corporation had favored sure sellers on its web-site and bypassed regional law that demands international e-commerce organizations to address all distributors similarly, files acquired by the news company present.

E-mail obtained via the U.S. Independence of Info Act from the Business office of the United States Trade Consultant (USTR) confirmed that U.S. officials ready a notice for John Kerry, a best envoy of President Joe Biden, about the Feb. 17 Reuters report. The take note, contained in an email dated Feb. 18, said that India’s antitrust watchdog had reviewed several this kind of allegations from U.S. e-commerce organizations and found almost nothing incorrect.

Biden’s envoy, former U.S. Secretary of State Kerry, is in cost of local climate alter coverage. He was scheduled to communicate that day with India’s Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal. The U.S. federal government was anxious that Goyal would bring up the Reuters story, so it rapidly drafted a notice about the post in case he did, the email messages show.

“This could come up in the connect with since as you know Minister Goyal is prone to bring up tangential topics,” Thomas Carnegie, a U.S. embassy official in New Delhi, emailed an formal at the USTR.

Philip M. Ingeneri, a further U.S. embassy official, also told the USTR formal in an e-mail on Feb. 18 that he experienced “verified” the contents of the note well prepared for Kerry with Amazon India’s government affairs chief as “real and precise.” The e-mails do not explain what eventually occurred during the Kerry-Goyal contact.

The U.S. embassy in New Delhi referred questions to the U.S. Office of State in Washington, which claimed it predicted that any troubles with regards to U.S. e-commerce companies’ procedures in India would be reviewed by the Competitiveness Commission of India (CCI) “with the exact same amount of independence, transparency, and professionalism it has demonstrated in the previous.”

Spokespeople for Kerry, the USTR and Goyal did not respond to Reuters queries.

The Reuters report in February, based mostly on inner Amazon paperwork, discovered that the U.S. agency has for decades presented preferential treatment method to a compact group of sellers on its India system, circumventing the country’s tough overseas investment guidelines that are aimed at shielding small Indian brick-and-mortar suppliers.

The write-up stirred up weeks of controversy in India, sparking calls from traders to ban Amazon. The CCI stated in March that the tale corroborated evidence it had acquired versus Amazon, even though the Enforcement Directorate, India’s economical-crime preventing company, asked Amazon for details and paperwork similar to the firm’s Indian functions, Reuters has claimed. The CCI enforces India’s antitrust regulations.


In a March 16 electronic mail to U.S. officials, which include at the USTR’s place of work, Ingeneri wrote, in an clear reference to the February posting, that a Reuters reporter had used “sensationalist language” and relied on Amazon’s “activity ahead of 2018 that was intense but not unlawful at the time.” The future sentence in the email was redacted.

In response to issues from Reuters, a spokeswoman for Amazon in India explained the firm had no comment.

Amazon has formerly informed Reuters it “does not give preferential treatment to any seller on its market,” and that it “treats all sellers in a reasonable, clear, and non-discriminatory manner.”

But interior Amazon paperwork clearly show that the e-commerce large discounted its expenses to sure sellers on its platform, and that a several dozen of Amazon’s a lot more than 400,000 sellers in early 2019 accounted for about two-thirds of the e-commerce site’s on line profits.

The be aware ready for Kerry summarized the Reuters story’s findings. Amongst them: that Amazon senior govt Jay Carney experienced been recommended by colleagues in 2019 not to disclose to India’s ambassador in Washington that two sellers on Amazon’s Indian site accounted for a massive chunk of its sales. Amazon holds oblique equity stakes in these sellers.

From 2009 to 2011, Carney served as President Biden’s communications director when Biden was vice president, ahead of heading on to serve as press secretary to President Barack Obama. The note for Kerry recognized Carney as “Amazon Senior Vice President and previous Obama Administration spokesman.”

Carney had no comment for this posting, the Amazon spokeswoman mentioned.

Underneath the headline “If Asked: Allegations of Amazon E-Commerce Violations,” the note said: “We have found a February 17 Reuters report increasing worries about U.S. e-commerce companies’ tactics in India and observe numerous of the allegations have been previously reviewed by the Opposition Fee of India with out any adverse findings.” The e-mail with the take note was marked “Delicate BUT UNCLASSIFIED.”

“The Reuters report repeated prior allegations created by small traders,” the be aware mentioned. The partially redacted take note also said that “because 2013, Amazon has invested above $5.5 billion in India, employs 100,000 Indians, and supports 400,000 vendors on its market.”

India’s stringent foreign expense principles for e-commerce have induced friction concerning Washington and New Delhi, and frustrated U.S. companies with on line firms in India, these as Amazon and Walmart Inc.

The CCI in January 2020 launched a probe into Amazon on allegations it was favoring specific sellers, but the investigation has been on maintain as the enterprise mounted a court docket challenge. A individual antitrust criticism by a group of on the net sellers submitted from Amazon is at the moment pending assessment by the CCI.

Our Expectations: The Thomson Reuters Belief Concepts.